NIT’s three-year tracer studies reveal promising results

NIT’s three-year tracer studies reveal promising results

By Prosper Makene

The Tracer studies’ findings for three consecutive years from 2016/2017-2019/2020 have revealed promising results as 98.4 percent of graduates were employed in public and private sectors whereby 38.2 percent of graduates secured permanent or contract basis of employment.

The NIT’s Deputy Center leader for the Centre of Excellence in Aviation and Transport Operations (CoEATO) Dr Robert Msigwa said that National Institute of Transport (NIT) conducted a tracer study of her graduates and employers to receive feedback about the offered programme.

“NIT’s goal is to produce competent, highly qualified and competitive graduates who meet  demand of  employers both local and globe. The tracer studies conducted in 2017, 2018 and 2019 provide valuable information not only to NIT management but also to Ministry of Education, Science and Technology as well as other regulators (i.e NACTVET).Feedback from graduates helps the institute to improve curriculums and teaching techniques. While feedback from employers have significant contribution in gauging the quality of students graduating from NIT in terms of skills and knowledge attained while studying”, said Dr Msigwa.

“We have received promising results from the tracer studies that were conducted in the last three years. In 2017, about 11.8 percent of our graduates were employed just in less than one year after graduation and the percentage increased to 54.9 in 2018.However, in 2019 the employment rate dropped to 33.1 percent due to pandemic which affected transport sector as well”, Dr Msigwa made further clarifications.

Dr Msigwa added: “The outbreak of COVID 19 in 2019 which resulted in closing up many economic activities and operations affected all modes of transport (road, air maritime and railway) severely. The consequences of pandemic destabilized the employment of graduates in local and global labor market

He further said: “About 891 graduates in long, short and professional courses were sampled and participated in the exercise. Findings found that among the sampled graduates, about 37 percent were females and 63 percent were males.

“The tracer studies found out that logistics and transport management programme was a leading course in employing many graduates compared to other programmes offered at NIT, he said”

It was revealed during the analysis that 60.1 percent of graduates were employed in private sector, 35.6 percent in public sector and 4.3 percent in Non-Government Organizations (NGOs). It was further noticed that 54.3 percent of our graduates who were employed in private and public sector earn below one (1) million per month.”

“Our tracer studies revealed that 68.1 percent of the graduates are working on their areas of specialization and 30.3 percent are working out of their areas of specialization,” he said.

He insisted: “The tracer studies also disclosed that 1.6 percent of the graduates were unemployed and are looking for employment. About 14.5 percent of the graduates were on self-employment out of their areas of specialization.”

The studies also said that 62 percent of the graduates have changed their employers at least once after being employed looking for opportunity and incomes.

Based on the findings, The Institute requested the support of the Government in conducting tracer studies to graduates and employers. Also, the Ministry of education, science and technology especially NACTVET to use expert from NIT in building capacity to other NACTVET Institutions which are scattered all over the country.

“Many of the TVET institutions in the country are not aware about tracer study and where their students have gone after graduation. This is the good time for the government to support Institutions such NIT to properly support other Institutions in these areas for the development of our education,” he said.

Why Tracer Studies are important?

Dr Msigwa said, “Yes, tracer studies to graduates and employers are useful in gauging the relevance and quality of programmes offered in the Institute and kind of graduates produced if they satisfy the need of employers as well as the labour market.”


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